Younkin, G.D., M.L. Alani, A. Páez Capador, H.D. Fischer, M. Mirzaei, A.P. Hastings, A.A. Agrawal, and G. Jander. Cardiac glycosides protect wormseed wallflower (Erysimum cheiranthoides) against some, but not all, glucosinolate-adapted herbivores. New Phytologist. (in press)

Breitbart, S., A.A. Agrawal, H. Wagner, and M.T.J. Johnson. Urbanization and a green corridor do not impact genetic divergence in common milkweed. Scientific Reports. (in press)

Craig, E. M. Goldman, and A.A. Agrawal. Sexual dimorphism, deactivation of plant defense, and
attraction of conspecifics in the four-eyed red milkweed beetle (Tetraopes tetrophthalmus). Journal of Insect Behavior.  PDF


Agrawal, A.A., A.P. Hastings, C. Duplais. Testing the selective sequestration hypothesis: Monarch butterflies preferentially sequester plant defences that are less toxic to themselves while maintaining potency to others. Ecology Letters: PDF

Wu, D., W. Xu, S.M. Grodsky, N. Liu, R.M. Almeida, L. Zhou, L.M. Miller, X. Zhao, S.B. Roy, G. Xia, A.A. Agrawal, B.Z. Houlton, A.S. Flecker, and X. Xu. Observed impacts of large wind farms on grassland carbon cycling. Science Bulletin. PDF

Boyle, J.H., S. Strickler, A.D. Twyford, A. Ricono, A. Powell, J. Zhang, H-X Xu, H.J. Dalgleish, G. Jander, A.A. Agrawal, J.R. Puzey. Temporal matches between monarch butterfly and milkweed population changes over the past 25,000 years. Current Biology 33, 3702-3710. PDF

López-Goldar, X. and A.A. Agrawal. Tissue and toxin-specific divergent evolution in plant defense. Evolution 77: 2431–2441. PDF

Karban, R. and A.A. Agrawal. The distribution of species interactions. Quarterly Review of Biology 98:203-218. PDF

Carlson, N. and A.A. Agrawal. A nutrition–defence trade-off drives diet choice in a toxic plant generalist. Proc. Royal Society B. 290: 20230987. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and A.P. Hastings. Tissue-specific plant toxins and adaptation in a specialist root herbivore. PNAS PDF

Jones, P.L., K.R. Martin, S.V. Prachand, A.P. Hastings, C. Duplais, A.A. Agrawal. Compound-specific behavioral and enzymatic resistance to toxic milkweed cardenolides in a generalist bumblebee pollinator. Journal of Chemical Ecology PDF

Cope, O.L., L.N. Zehr, A.A. Agrawal, W.C. Wetzel. The timing of heat waves has multiyear effects on milkweed and its insect community. Ecology 104(4): e3988. PDF

Goud, E.M., A.A. Agrawal, and J.P. Sparks. A direct comparison of ecological theories for predicting the relationship between plant traits and growth. Ecology 104(4): e3986.
1002/ecy.3986 PDF

Hoogshagen, M., A.P. Hastings, J. Chavez, M. Duckett, R. Pettit, A.P. Pahnke, A.A. Agrawal & J.C. de Roode. Mixtures of milkweed cardenolides protect monarch butterflies against parasites. Journal of Chemical Ecology PDF


Agrawal, A.A. and J.L. Maron. Long-term impacts of insect herbivores on plant populations and communities (Sprent Review). Journal of Ecology 110:2800–2811. PDF

Carvajal Acosta, N. Agrawal, A.A and K.A. Mooney. Plant traits as mediators of herbivore drought response: phylogeny, physiology, and functional traits. Journal of Ecology PDF

Edwards, C.E., S.P. Ellner, A.A. Agrawal. Plant defense synergies and antagonisms affect performance of specialist herbivores of common milkweed. Ecology e3915. PDF

Jones, P., & Agrawal, A. A. Caffeine and ethanol in nectar interact with flower color impacting bumblebee behavior. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 76: 1-11. PDF

Brzozowski, L.J., D.C. Weber,  A.K. Wallingford, M. Mazourek, and A.A. Agrawal. Tradeoffs and synergies in management of two co-occurring specialist squash pests. Journal of Pest Science 95: 327–338. PDF

López-Goldar, X., A.P. Hastings, T. Züst, and A.A. Agrawal. Evidence for compartmentalized defense-offense interactions between milkweed and its community of specialized herbivores. Molecular Ecology 31:3254–3265. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., L. Espinosa del Alba, X. López-Goldar, A.P. Hastings, R.A. White, R. Halitschke, S. Dobler, G. Petschenka, and C. Duplais. Functional evidence supports adaptive plant chemical defense along a geographical cline. PNAS 119: e2205073119. PDF

Coverdale, T.C. and A.A. Agrawal. Experimental insect suppression causes loss of induced, but not constitutive, resistance in Solanum carolinense. Ecology ecy.3786 PDF

Petschenka, G., Züst, T., Hastings, A. P., Agrawal, A. A., & Jander, G. Quantification of plant cardenolides by HPLC, measurement of Na+/K+-ATPase inhibition activity, and characterization of target enzymes. Methods in Enzymology, Academic Press. PDF


pnas 2021

Agrawal, A.A., K. Böröczky, M. Haribal, A.P. Hastings, R.A. White, R-W Jiang, and C.Duplais. Cardenolides, toxicity and the costs of sequestration in the coevolutionary interaction between monarchs and milkweeds. PNAS 118 (16). PDF

McCoshum, S.M.  and A.A. Agrawal. Ecology of Asclepias brachystephana: a potential plant for roadside seeding. Native Plants Journal 22: 256-267. PDF

Coverdale, T.C. and A.A. Agrawal. Evolution of shade tolerance is associated with attenuation of shade avoidance and reduced phenotypic plasticity in North American milkweeds. American Journal of Botany 108:1705-1715. PDF

Elias, J.D. and A.A. Agrawal. A private channel of nitrogen alleviates interspecific competition for an annual legume. Ecology: e03449. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and X. Zhang. The evolution of coevolution in the study of species interactions. Evolution 75-7: 1594–1606.  PDF

Lopez-Goldar, X., and A.A. Agrawal. Ecological interactions, environmental gradients, and gene flow in local adaptation. Trends in Plant Science 26:796-809. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., A.P. Hastings, and J.L. Maron. Evolution and seed dormancy shape plant genotypic structure through a successional cycle. PNAS PDF

Tigreros, N. A.A. Agrawal, and J.S. Thaler. Genetic variation in parental effects contribute to the evolutionary potential of antipredator plasticity. American Naturalist 197:164–175. PDF

Holmes, K.D. and A.A. Agrawal. Defense plasticity mitigates the effect of plant neighbors on susceptibility to herbivores. Ecosphere 12:e03334 PDF


Agrawal, A.A. A scale-dependent framework for trade-offs, syndromes, and specialization in organismal biology (MacArthur Award paper). Ecology 101: e02924 PDF

Brzozowski, L.J., M.A. Gore, A.A. Agrawal, and M. Mazourek. Divergence of defensive cucurbitacins in independent Cucurbita pepo domestication events leads to differences in specialist herbivore preference. Plant, Cell & Environment 43:2812–2825. PDF

Mirzaei, M., T. Züst, A.P. Hastings, A.A. Agrawal, and G. Jander. Less is more: a mutation in the chemical defense pathway of Erysimum cheiranthoides (Brassicaceae) reduces total cardenolide abundance but increases resistance to insect herbivores. Journal of Chemical Ecology. PDF

He, E. and A.A. Agrawal. Clonal versus non-clonal milkweeds (Asclepias spp.) respond differently to stem damage, affecting oviposition by monarch butterflies. PeerJ 8:e10296

Brzozowski, L.J., J. Gardner, M.P. Hoffmann, A. Kessler, A.A. Agrawal, and M. Mazourek. Attack and aggregation of a major squash pest: parsing the role of plant chemistry and beetle pheromones. Journal of Applied Ecology 57:1442-1451. PDF

Arcila Hernández, L.M., S.R. Davis, and A.A. Agrawal. Host specificity and variation in oviposition behavior of milkweed stem weevils and implications for species divergence. Ecological Entomology 45: 1121-1133. PDF

Villalona, E., B.D. Ezray, E. Laveaga, A.A. Agrawal, J.G. Ali, H.M. Hines. The role of toxic nectar secondary compounds in driving differential bumble bee preferences for milkweed flowers. Oecologia 193: 619-630. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. Butterflies and the people who love them (book review of: The Language of Butterflies by Wendy Williams). Science 368: 835. PDF

Ogran, A., J.K.Conner, A.A. Agrawal, and O. Barazani. Evolution of phenotypic plasticity: genetic differentiation and additive genetic variation for induced plant defense in wild arugula Eruca sativa. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 33: 237-246. PDF

Keen, P., A.P. Hastings, A.A. Agrawal, and J. Van Eck. Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation of three milkweed species (Asclepias hallii, A. syriaca, and A. tuberosa). Current Protocols in Plant Biology 5: e20105. PDF


JCE cover 2019

Agrawal, A.A. and A.P. Hastings. Plant defense by latex: new data on the ecological genetics of inducibility in the milkweeds and a general review of mechanisms, evolution, and and implications for agriculture. Journal of Chemical Ecology 45:1004–1018. PDF

Karageorgi, M, S. Groen, F. Sumbul, J.N. Pelaez, K.I. Verster, J.M. Aguilar, A.P. Hastings, S.L. Bernstein, T. Matsunaga, M. Astourian, G. Guerra, F. Rico, S. Dobler, A.A. Agrawal, N.K. Whiteman. Genome editing retraces the evolution of toxin resistance in the monarch butterfly. Nature. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and A.P. Hastings. Trade-offs constrain the evolution of an inducible plant defense within but not between species. Ecology 100(12): e02857 PDF

Jones, P.A. and A.A. Agrawal. Beyond preference and performance: host plant selection by monarch butterflies, Danaus plexippus. Oikos 128:1092–1102. PDF

Maron, J. L., A. A. Agrawal, and D. W. Schemske. 2019. Plant–herbivore coevolution and plant speciation. Ecology 100(7):e02704. 10.1002/ecy.2704. PDF

Goud, E.M., J.P.Sparks, M. Fishbein, and A.A. Agrawal. Integrated metabolic strategy: a mechanistic framework for predicting the evolution of carbon gain and water loss tradeoffs within plant clades. Journal of Ecology 107:1633–1644. PDF

Brzozowski, L.J., M. Mazourek, and A.A. Agrawal. Mechanisms of resistance to insect herbivores in isolated breeding lineages of Cucurbita pepo. Journal of Chemical Ecology 45:313–325. PDF

JCE cover

Jones, P.L., G. Petschenka, L. Flacht, and A.A. Agrawal. Cardenolide intake, sequestration, and excretion by the monarch butterfly along gradients of plant toxicity and larval ontogeny. Journal of Chemical Ecology 45:264–277. PDF

A.A. Agrawal. Advances in understanding the long-term population decline of monarch butterflies. PNAS . PDF

Hahn, P.G., A.A. Agrawal, K.I. Sussman, and J.L. Maron. Population variation, environmental gradients, and the evolutionary ecology of plant defense against herbivory. American Naturalist 193:20–34. PDF

Züst, T., G. Petschenka, A.P. Hastings, and A.A. Agrawal. Toxicity of milkweed leaves and latex: chromatographic quantification versus biological activity of cardenolides in 16 Asclepias species. Journal of Chemical Ecology 45:50-60. PDF

Boege, K., J.S. Thaler, and A.A. Agrawal. Ontogenetic strategies in insect herbivores and their impact on tri-trophic interactions. Current Opinion in Insect Science 32:61-67. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., S. Altizer, D. Hunter, P.P. Marra, and S.A. Wolf. Conservation of declining migratory animals: An interdisciplinary analysis of biology, sociology, and policy. OSF Preprints, DOI: 10.31219/ PDF


Petschenka, G., C.S. Fei, J.J. Araya, S. Schröder, B.N. Timmermann, and A.A. Agrawal. Structural variation in toxin-receptor interactions suggests a mechanism for how milkweed plants can selectively defend against herbivores. Frontiers in Plant Science 9:1424. PDF.

Züst, T, S. Mou, and A.A. Agrawal. What doesn’t kill you makes you stronger: the burdens and benefits of toxin sequestration in an aphid. Functional Ecology 32:1972-1981.  PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and H. Inamine. Mechanisms behind the monarch’s decline. Science 360:1294-1296. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., A. Ali, M.D. Johnson, A.P. Hastings, D. Burge, M.G. Weber. Toxicity of the spiny thick-foot Pachypodium. American Journal of Botany 105: 677-686. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., A.P. Hastings, D.M. Fines, S. Bogdanowicz, and M. Huber. Insect herbivory and plant adaptation in an early successional community. Evolution 72:1020-1033. PDF Highlighted in Evolution’s Digest

Maron, J.L., M.T.J. Johnson, A.P. Hastings, and A.A. Agrawal. Fitness consequences of occasional outcrossing in a clonal plant (Oenothera biennis). Ecology 99:464–473. PDF


Agrawal, A.A. Monarchs and Milkweed: A migrating butterfly, a poisonous plant, and their remarkable story of coevolution.  Princeton Univ Press. Book review from EcologyRead chapter 1, click here to order the book!

Gustafsson, K., S.A. Wolf, and A.A. Agrawal. Science-policy-practice interfaces: Emergent knowledge and monarch butterfly conservation. Environmental Policy and Governance 27:521-533 PDF

Cook-Patton, S.C., A.P. Hastings, A.A. Agrawal. Genotypic diversity mitigates negative effects of density on plant performance: a field experiment and life-cycle analysis of common evening primrose Oenothera biennis. Journal of Ecology 105:726735. PDF

Züst, T. and A.A. Agrawal. Trade-offs between plant growth and defense: past, present, and future. Annual Review of Plant Biology 68:513-534. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. Towards predictive framework for convergent evolution: integrating natural history, genetic mechanisms, and consequences for the diversity of life. American Naturalist 190:S1-S12. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., Editor. Convergence, Natural History, and Big Questions in Biology. A special Issue of American Naturalist. 122pp. PDF

Ali, J.G. and A.A. Agrawal. Trade-offs and tritrophic consequences of host shifts in highly specialized root herbivores. Functional Ecology 31:153-160. PDF

Züst, T. and A.A. Agrawal. Plant chemical defense as a mediator of ant-aphid mutualism. Ecology 98:601–607. PDF

Groen, S., E.R. LaPlante, N.M. Alexandre, A.A. Agrawal, S. Dobler, N.K. Whiteman. Multidrug transporters and organic anion transporting polypeptides protect insects against the toxic effects of cardenolides. Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 81:51-61. PDF

Jones, P.L. and A.A. Agrawal. Learning in insect pollinators and herbivores. Annual Review of Entomology. 62:53–71. PDF


Jones, P.L. and A.A. Agrawal. Consequences of secondary compounds in nectar for mutualist bees and antagonist butterflies. Ecology 97:2570-2579. PDF

Inamine, H., S.P. Ellner, J.P. Springer, and A.A. Agrawal. Linking the continental migratory cycle of the monarch butterfly to understand its population decline. Oikos 125:1081–1091. PDF, press, video, radio, living on earth, A.K. Davis Blog, Texas Blog, Mother Nature Network, NPR, USA Today

Züst, T. and A.A. Agrawal. Population growth and sequestration of plant toxins along a gradient of specialization in four aphid species on the common milkweed Asclepias syriaca. Functional Ecology 30: 547–556. PDF

Pellissier, L., G. Litsios, M. Fishbein, N. Salamin, A.A. Agrawal, and S. Rasmann. Different rates of defense evolution and niche preferences in clonal and non-clonal milkweeds (Asclepias spp.). New Phytologist 209: 1230–1239. PDF

Züst, T. and A.A. Agrawal. Mechanisms and evolution of plant resistance to aphidsn. Nature Plants 2: 16206. PDF

Petschenka, G. and A.A. Agrawal. How herbivores coopt plant defenses: Natural selection, specialization, and sequestration. Current Opinion in Insect Science 14:17–24.  PDF

Lewis, E.M., J.B. Fant, M.J. Moore, A.P. Hastings, E.L. Larson, A.A. Agrawal, and K.A. Skogen. Microsatellites for Oenothera gayleana and O. hartwegii subsp. filifolia (Onagraceae), and their utility in section Calylophus. Applications in Plant Science 4: 1500107 PDF

Tingle, J.L., S.C. Cook-Patton, and A.A. Agrawal. Spillover of a biological control agent (Chrysolina quadrigemina) onto native St. Johnswort (Hypericum punctatum). PeerJ 4:e1886. PDF


Cover image Current Opinion in Insect Science

Petschenka, G. and A.A. Agrawal. Toxin resistance in the milkweed butterflies was driven by predation, not host plant use. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 282: 20151865 PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and M.G. Weber. On the study of plant defense and herbivory using comparative approaches: how important are secondary plant compounds? Ecology Letters 18:985–991. PDF

Gustafsson, K. A.A. Agrawal, B.E. Lewenstein, and S.A. Wolf. The monarch butterfly through time and space: the social construction of an icon. BioScience 65:112-122. PDF

Züst, T., S. Rasmann, and A.A. Agrawal. Growth-defense trade-offs for two major anti-herbivore traits of the common milkweed Asclepias syriaca L. Oikos 124:1404-1415. PDF

Fitzpatrick, C.R., A.A. Agrawal, N. Basiliko, A.P. Hastings, M.E. Isaac, M. Preston, and M.T.J. Johnson. The importance of plant genotype and contemporary evolution for terrestrial ecosystem processes. Ecology 96:2632–2642. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., A.P. Hastings, G.S. Bradburd, E.C. Woods, T. Züst, J.A. Harvey, T. Bukovinszky. Evolution of plant growth and defense in a continental introduction. American Naturalist 186:E1–E15. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., J.G. Ali, S. Rasmann, and M. Fishbein. Macroevolutionary trends in the defense of milkweeds against monarchs: latex, cardenolides, and tolerance of herbivory. Pages 47-59 in K. Oberhauser, S. Altizer, and K. Nail (editors), Monarchs in a Changing World: Biology and Conservation of an Iconic Insect. Cornell University Press. PDF

Raguso, R.A., A.A. Agrawal, A.E. Douglas, G. Jander, A. Kessler, K.A. Poveda and J.S. Thaler. The raison d’être of chemical ecology. Ecology 96:617–630. PDF

Martin, L.J., A.A. Agrawal, C.E. Kraft. Historically browsed jewelweed populations exhibit greater tolerance to deer herbivory than historically protected populations. Journal of Ecology 103:243-249. PDF (Press)

Kariñho-Betancourt, E., A.A. Agrawal, R. Halitschke, and J. Núñez-Farfán.
Phylogenetic correlations among chemical and physical plant defenses change with ontogeny. New Phytologist 206:796–806. PDF


Agrawal, A.A. Observation, natural history, and an early post-Darwinian view of plant-animal interactions. American Naturalist 184:ii–iv. PDF

Weber, M.G. and A.A. Agrawal. Defense mutualisms enhance plant diversification. PNAS 111:16442-16447. PDF (press) (cover image)

Stastny, M. and A.A. Agrawal. Love thy neighbour? Reciprocal impacts between plant community structure and insect herbivory in co-occurring Asteraceae. Ecology 95:2904–2914. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., E.T. Patrick, and A.P. Hastings. Tests of the coupled expression of latex and cardenolide plant defense in common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca). Ecosphere 5:126. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., A.P. Hastings, A.C. Knight, E.T. Patrick . Specificity of herbivore-induced hormonal signaling and defensive traits in closely related milkweeds (Asclepias spp.). Journal of Chemical Ecology 40:717–729. PDF

Cook-Patton, S.C. and A.A. Agrawal. Exotic plants contribute positively to biodiversity functions but reduce native seed production and arthropod richness. Ecology 95:1642–1650. PDF

Desurmont, G.A. and A.A. Agrawal. Do plant defenses predict damage by an invasive herbivore? A comparative study of the viburnum leaf beetle. Ecological Applications 24:759–769. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. Chemical ecology and coevolution, a report on the 7th New Phytologist Workshop. New Phytologist 202: 1122–1125. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. Four more reasons to be skeptical of open-access publishing. Trends in Plant Science 19:133. PDF

Erwin, A.C., T. Züst, J.G. Ali, and A.A. Agrawal. Aboveground herbivory facilitates above- and belowground conspecific insects and reduces fruit production. Journal of Ecology 102:1038–1047. PDF

Desurmont, G.A., P.A. Weston,A.A. Agrawal. Reduction of oviposition time cost and larval group feeding: two potential benefits of aggregative oviposition for the viburnum leaf beetle. Ecological Entomology 39:125–132. PDF

Desurmont, G.A., A.E. Hajek, and A.A. Agrawal. Seasonal decline in plant defense is associated with relaxed offensive oviposition behavior in the viburnum leaf beetle Pyrrhalta viburni. Ecological Entomology 39: 589–594. PDF

DiTommaso, A., S.H. Morris, J.D. Parker, C.L. Cone, A.A. Agrawal. Deer browsing delays succession by altering aboveground vegetation and belowground seed banks. PLoS One 9:e91155. PDF

Ali, J.G. and Anurag A. Agrawal. Asymmetry of plant-mediated interactions between insects from two feeding guilds. Functional Ecology 28: 1404–1412. PDF

Bukovinszky, T., R. Gols, A.A. Agrawal, C. Roge, T.M. Bezemer, A. Biere, and J.A. Harvey. Reciprocal interactions between native and introduced populations of common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca, and the specialist aphid, Aphis nerii. Basic and Applied Ecology 15:444–452. PDF


Agrawal, A.A., M.T.J. Johnson, A.P. Hastings, J.L. Maron. Experimental evolution of plant life-history traits and its eco-evolutionary feedback to seed predator populations. American Naturalist 181:S35–S45. PDF

Wason, E.L., A.A. Agrawal, M.D. Hunter. A genetically-based latitudinal cline in the emission of herbivore-induced plant volatile organic compounds. Journal of Chemical Ecology 39:1101-1111. PDF

Erwin, A.C., M.A. Geber, and A.A. Agrawal. Specific impacts of two root herbivores and soil nutrients on plant performance and insect-insect interactions. Oikos 122:1746–1756. PDF

Rafter, J.L., Agrawal, A.A., and E.L. Preisser. Chinese mantids gut toxic monarch caterpillars: avoidance of prey defense? Ecological Entomology 38:76–78. PDF

Burge, D., K. Mugford, A.P. Hastings, and A.A. Agrawal. Phylogeny of the plant genus Pachypodium (Apocynaceae). PeerJ DOI 10.7717/peerj.70. PDF


Agrawal, A.A., A.P. Hastings, M.T. Johnson, J.L. Maron, J-P. Salminen. Insect herbivores drive real-time ecological and evolutionary change in plant populations. Science 338: 113-116. PDF news press

Agrawal, A.A. The monarch-milkweed arms race. American Butterflies (summer 2012): 26-33. PDF

Holeski, L.M., G. Jander, and A.A. Agrawal. Transgenerational defense induction and epigenetic inheritance in plants. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27:618-626. PDF

Manson, J.S., S. Rasmann, R. Halitschke, J.D. Thomson, A.A. Agrawal. Cardenolides in nectar are not a mere consequence of allocation to other plant parts: a phylogenetic study of milkweeds (Asclepias). Functional Ecology 26:1100-1110. PDF

Parker, J.D., J-P. Salminen, and A.A. Agrawal. evolutionary potential of root chemical defense: genetic correlations with shoot chemistry and plant growth. Journal of Chemical Ecology 38:992–995. PDF

Weber, M.G., W.L. Clement, M.J. Donoghue, and A.A. Agrawal. Phylogenetic and experimental tests of interactions among mutualistic plant defense traits in Viburnum (Adoxaceae). American Naturalist 180: 450-463. PDF

Dobler, S., S. Dalla, V. Wagschal, and A.A. Agrawal. Community-wide convergent evolution in insect adaptation to toxic cardenolides by substitutions in the Na,K-ATPase. PNAS 109:13040–13045. PDF press Nature News & Views

Abdala-Roberts, L., A.A. Agrawal, K.A. Mooney. Ant-aphid interactions on Asclepias syriaca are mediated by plant genotype and caterpillar damage. Oikos 121: 1905–1913. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., E.E. Kearney, A.P. Hastings, and T.E. Ramsey. Attenuation of the jasmonate burst, plant defensive traits, and resistance to specialist monarch caterpillars on shaded common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca). Journal of Chemical Ecology 38:893–901. PDF

Barbosa, P., D.K. Letourneau, and A.A. Agrawal (editors). Insect Outbreaks Revisited.Wiley-Blackwell.

Weber, M.G. and Agrawal, A.A. Phylogeny, ecology and and the coupling comparative and experimental approaches. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 27:394-403. PDF

Woods, E.C., A.P. Hastings, N.E. Turley, S.B. Heard, and A.A. Agrawal. Adaptive geographical clines in the growth and defense of a native plant. Ecological Monographs 82:149–168. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and Heil, M. (editors). Special Issue: Specificity if plant-enemy interactions. Trends in Plants Science 17:239-319. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. An interview. Trends in Plant Science 17:243. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., G. Petschenka, R.A. Bingham, M.G. Weber, and S. Rasmann. Toxic cardenolides: chemical ecology and coevolution of specialized plant-herbivore interactions (Tansley Review). New Phytologist 194:28–45. PDF

Ali, J.G. and A.A. Agrawal. Specialist versus generalist insect herbivores and plant defense. Trends in Plant Science 17:293-302. PDF

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Agrawal, A.A. and Heil, M. Synthesizing specificity: multiple approaches to
understanding the attack and defense of plants. Trends in Plants Science 17:239-242. PDF

Desurmont, G.A., F. Herard, and A.A. Agrawal. Oviposition strategy as a means of local adaptation to plant defense in native and invasive populations of the viburnum leaf beetle. Proc Royal Society Lond – Biological Sciences 279: 952–958. PDF

Rasmann, S., M. De Vos, C.L. Casteel, D. Tian, J.Y. Sun, A.A. Agrawal, G.W. Felton, and G. Jander. Herbivory in the previous generation primes plants for enhanced insect resistance. Plant Physiology 158: 854–863. PDF  comment


Cook-Patton, S.C. and A.A. Agrawal. Relatedness is a better predictor of phenotypic plasticity than plant growth rate or continental origin. Evolutionary Ecology Research 13: 527–542. PDF

Rasmann, S. and A.A. Agrawal. Evolution of specialization: a phylogenetic study of host range in the red milkweed beetle (Tetraopes tetraophthalmus). American Naturalist 177: 728–737. PDF

Cook-Patton, S.C., S.H. McArt, A. Parachnowicz, J.S. Thaler, and A.A. Agrawal. A direct comparison of the ecosystem and community impacts of genotypic and species diversity. Ecology 92: 915–923. PDF

Desurmont, G.A., M.J. Donoghue, W.L. Clement, and A.A. Agrawal. Evolutionary history predicts plant defense against an invasive pest. PNAS 108: 7070–7074. PDF  press

Rasmann, S., A.C. Erwin, R. Halitschke, and A.A. Agrawal. Direct and indirect root defense of milkweed (Asclepias syriaca): trophic cascades, tradeoffs, and novel methods for studying subterranean herbivory. Journal of Ecology 99:16–25. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. Current trends in the evolutionary ecology of plant defense. Functional Ecology 25:420–432.  PDF

Agrawal, A.A. Commentary: Trade-offs in chemical ecology. Journal of Chemical Ecology 37:230–231. PDF

Rasmann, S. and A.A. Agrawal. Latitudinal patterns in plant defense: macroevolution of cardenolides, their toxicity, and induction following herbivory. Ecology Letters 14:476–483. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Book review: Trophic Cascades: Predators, Prey, and the Changing Dynamics of Nature” J. Terborgh and J.A. Estes, editors. Island Press, Washington, DC. Quarterly Review of Biology 86:127.  PDF


Meyer, J.R., A.A. Agrawal, D.T. Dobias, R.T. Quick, D. Schneider, and R.E. Lenski. Parallel changes in host resistance to viral infection during 45,000 generations of relaxed selection. Evolution 64:3024–3034. PDF

Bingham, R.A. and A.A. Agrawal. Ecological genetics of herbivore-specific induced defenses in common milkweed. Journal of Ecology 98:1014–1022. PDF

Mooney, K.A., R. Halitschke, A. Kessler, and A.A. Agrawal. Evolutionary tradeoffs in plants mediate the strength of trophic cascades. Science 327:1642-1644. PDF

Auld, J. R., A. A. Agrawal, and R. A. Relyea. Re-evaluating the costs and limits of adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London – Series B 277:503–511. PDF

Nielsen, C., A. A. Agrawal, and A. E. Hajek. Ants defend aphids against lethal disease. Biology Letters 6:205-208. PDF

Thaler, J. S., A. A. Agrawal, and R. Halitschke. Salicylate-mediated interactions between pathogens and herbivores. Ecology 91: 1075–1082. PDF

Parker, J., J.-P. Salminen, and A.A. Agrawal. Herbivory enhances positive effects of plant genotypic diversity. Ecology Letters 13:553 – 563. PDF

Karonen, M., J. Parker. A.A. Agrawal, and J.-P. Salminen. First evidence of hexameric and heptameric ellagitannins in plants detected by liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 24:3151–3156. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., J.K. Conner, and S. Rasmann. Tradeoffs and adaptive negative correlations in Evolutionary ecology. Pages 243-268 in: M. Bell, W. Eanes, D. Futuyma, and J. Levinton (editors), Evolution After Darwin: the First 150 Years. Sinauer Associates. PDF


Rasmann, S., M.D. Johnson, and A.A. Agrawal. Induced responses to herbivory and jasmonate in three milkweed species. Journal of Chemical Ecology 35:1326-1334. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., J-P. Salminen, and M. Fishbein. Phylogenetic trends in phenolic metabolism of milkweeds (Asclepias): Evidence for escalation. Evolution 63:663–673. PDF

Futuyma, D. J. and A. A. Agrawal. MacroEvolution and the biological diversity of plants and herbivores. PNAS 106:
18054–18061. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., M. Fishbein, R. Halitschke, A. P. Hastings, D. L. Rabosky, and S. Rasmann. Evidence for adaptive radiation from a phylogenetic study of plant defenses. PNAS 106:18067–18072. PDF  press

Agrawal, A. A. and K. Konno. Latex: a model for understanding mechanisms, ecology, and Evolution of plant defense against herbivory. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 40:311-331. PDF

Rasmann, S., A. A. Agrawal, A. C. Erwin, and S. C. Cook. Cardenolides, induced responses, and interactions between above and belowground herbivores in the milkweeds (Asclepias spp). Ecology 90:2393–2404. PDF

Futuyma, D.J. and A.A. Agrawal. 2009. Evolutionary history and species interactions. PNAS 106: 18043–18044. PDF

Rasmann, S. and A. A. Agrawal. Plant defense against herbivory: progress in identifying synergism, redundancy, and antagonism between resistance traits. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 12:473–478. PDF

Johnson, M. T. J., A. A. Agrawal, J. L. Maron, and J-P. Salminen. Heritability, covariation and natural selection on 24 traits of common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis) from a field experiment. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 22: 1295–1307. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., M. Fishbein, R. Jetter, J-P. Salminen, J. B. Goldstein, A. E. Freitag, and J. P. Sparks. Phylogenetic ecology of leaf surface traits in the milkweeds (Asclepias spp.): Chemistry, ecophysiology, and insect behaviour. New Phytologist 183: 848-867. PDF

Whitman, D. W. and A. A. Agrawal. What is Phenotypic Plasticity and why is it Important? Pages 1-63 in: D. W. Whitman and T. N. Ananthakrishna (editors), Phenotypic plasticity of insects: Mechanisms and consequences. Science Publishers, Inc, Enfield, NH. PDF


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Agrawal, A. A. and M. Fishbein. Phylogenetic escalation and decline of plant defense strategies. PNAS 105: 10057–10060. PDF press

Smith, R.A., K.A. Mooney and A. A. Agrawal. Coexistence of three specialist aphids on the common milkweed Asclepias syriaca. Ecology 89:2187–2196. PDF

Mooney, K. A. and A. A. Agrawal. Plant genotype shapes ant-aphid interactions: implications for community structure and indirect plant defense. American Naturalist 171:E195–E205. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., A. C. Erwin, and S. C. Cook. Natural selection and predicted response for ecophysiological traits of swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) in the field. Journal of Ecology 96:536–542. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., M.J. Lajeunesse, and A. Fishbein. Evolution of latex and its constituent defensive chemistry in milkweeds (Asclepias): a phylogenetic test of plant defense escalation.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 128:126–138. PDF

Rasmann, S. and A.A. Agrawal. In defense of roots: A research agenda for studying plant resistance to belowground herbivory. Plant Physiology 146:875–880. PDF

Mooney, K. A., P. Jones and A. A. Agrawal. Coexisting congeners: demography, competition, and interactions with cardenolides for two milkweed-feeding aphids.  Oikos 117:450-458. PDF

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Mooney, K.A. and A.A. Agrawal. Phenotypic plasticity in plant-herbivore interactions. Pages 43-57 in K. J. Tilmon (editor), The Evolutionary biology of herbivorous insects: Specialization, speciation, and radiation. University of California Press, Berkeley, CA. PDF

Larson E.L., S.M. Bogdanowicz, A.A. Agrawal, M.T.J. Johnson, and R.G. Harrison. Isolation and characterization of polymorphic microsatellite loci in common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis). Molecular Ecology Resources 8: 434–436. PDF


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Agrawal, A.A. Macroevolution of plant defense strategies. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 22:103-109. PDF

Johnson, MTJ. Genotype-by-environment interactions leads to variable selection on life-history strategy in Common Evening Primrose (Oenothera biennis). Journal of Evolutionary Biology 20:190-200. PDF

Morris, W.F., R.A. Hufbauer, A.A. Agrawal, J.D. Bever, V.A. Borowicz, G.S. Gilbert, J.L. Maron, C.E. Mitchell, I.M. Parker, A.G. Power, M.E. Torchin, and D.P. Vázquez. Direct and interactive effects of enemies and mutualists on plant performance: a meta-analysis. Ecology 88:1021-1029. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., D. A. Ackerly, F. Adler, B. Arnold, C. Cáceres, D. F. Doak, E. Post, P. Hudson, J. Maron, K. A. Mooney, M. Power, D. Schemske, J. J. Stachowicz, S. Y. Strauss, M. G. Turner, E. Werner. Filling key gaps in population and community ecology. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 5:145-152. PDF

Johnson, M. T. J. and A. A. Agrawal. Covariation and composition of arthropod species across plant genotypes of evening primrose, Oenothera biennis. Oikos 116-941-956. PDF


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Agrawal, A.A., J.A. Lau, and P.A. Hambäck. Community heterogeneity and the Evolution of interactions between plants and insect herbivore. Quarterly Review of Biology 81:349-376. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and M. Fishbein. Plant defense syndromes. Ecology 87:S132–S149. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and M. Fishbein. Phylogenetic escalation and decline of plant defense strategies. PNAS 105: 10057–10060. PDF

Johnson, M.T.J, M.J. Lajeunesse, and A.A. Agrawal. Additive and synergistic effects of plant genotypic diversity on arthropod communities and plant fitness. Ecology Letters 9:24–34. PDF

Mitchell, C.E., A.A. Agrawal, J.D.  Bever, G.S. Gilbert, R.A. Hufbauer, J.N. Klironomos, J.L. Maron, W.F. Morris, I.M. Parker, A.G. Power, E.W. Seabloom, M.E. Torchin, and D.P. Vázquez. Biotic interactions and plant invasions. Ecology Letters 9:726-740. PDF

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McGuire, R. and A.A. Agrawal. Trade-offs between the shade-avoidance response and plant resistance to herbivores? Tests with mutant Cucumis sativus. Functional Ecology 19:1025–1031. PDF

McGuire, R. and M.T.J. Johnson. Plant genotype and induced responses affect resistance to herbivores on evening primrose (Oenothera biennis). Ecological Entomology 31:20-31. PDF

Ives, A.R and A.A. Agrawal. (editors). Empirically motivated theory. Ecology 87:3137-3211. PDF

Webb, C., J.B. Losos, and A.A. Agrawal (editors). Special Issue: Integrating phylogenies in to community ecology. Ecology 87:S1-S163. PDF


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Agrawal, A.A., P.M. Kotanen, C.E. Mitchell, A.G. Power, W. Godsoe and J. Klironomos. Enemy Release? An experiment with congeneric plant pairs and diverse above- and below-ground enemies. Ecology 86:2979–2989. PDF

Agrawal, A.A.  Future directions in the study of induced plant responses to herbivory.  Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 115:97-105. PDF

Agrawal, A.A.  Natural selection on common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) by a community of specialized insect herbivores. Evolutionary Ecology Research 7:651 667. PDF

A.A. Agrawal. Corruption of journal impact factors. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 20:157 PDF

Smith, R.A., K.A. Mooney and A. A. Agrawal. Coexistence of three specialist aphids on the common milkweed Asclepias syriaca. Ecology 89: 2187–2196. PDF

Kurashige, N.S. and A.A. Agrawal. Phenotypic plasticity to shading and herbivory in Chenopodium album. American Journal of Botany 92: 21-26 PDF

Johnson, M.T.J. and A.A. Agrawal.  Plant genotype and the environment interact to shape a diverse arthropod community on evening primrose (Oenothera biennis). Ecology 86:874-885. PDF

Conner, J.K. and A.A. Agrawal. Mechanisms of constraints: The contributions of selection and genetic variance to the maintenance of cotyledon number in wild radish. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 18:238–242. PDF

Ellison, A.M. and A.A. Agrawal. (editors). The statistics of rarity. Ecology 86:1079-1163. PDF

Fortin, M.-J. and A.A. Agrawal. (editors). Landscape ecology comes of age. Ecology 86:1965-2017. PDF

Hawkins, B.A. and A.A. Agrawal. (editors). Latitudinal gradients. Ecology 86:2261-2328. PDF


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Inouye, B.D. and A.A. Agrawal. Ant mutualists alter the composition and attack rate of the parasitoid
community for the gall wasp Disholcaspis eldoradensis (Cynipidae). Ecological Entomology 29:692-696 PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and D.A. Spiller. Polymorphic buttonwood: Effects of disturbance on resistance to
herbivores in green and silver morphs of a Bahamian shrub. American Journal of Botany 91(12):1990-1997. PDF

Van Zandt, P.A., and A.A. Agrawal.  Community-wide impacts of herbivore-induced plant responses in milkweed (Asclepias syriaca). Ecology 85: 2616-2629. PDF

Agrawal, A.A., N. Underwood, and J.R. Stinchcombe.  Intraspecific variation in the strength of density dependence in aphid populations. Ecological Entomology 29:521-526.  PDF

Agrawal, A.A., J.K. Conner, and J.R. Stinchcombe. Evolution of plant resistance and tolerance to frost damage. Ecology Letters 7:1199-1208. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. Resistance and susceptibility of milkweed to herbivore attack: Consequences of competition, root herbivory, and plant genetic variation. Ecology . 85:2118-2133. PDF with appendices

Agrawal, A.A. Plant defense and density dependence in the population growth of herbivores. American Naturalist 164:113-120. PDF with appendices

Lempa, K., A. A. Agrawal, J-P. Salminen, Teija Turunen, V. Ossipov, S. Ossipova, E. Haukioja , and K. Pihlaja. An analysis of rapid Rapid herbivore-induced changes in of mountain birch phenolics and nutritive compounds and their effects on the effects on performance of the major defoliator, Epirrita autumnata. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30:303-321 PDF

Barrett, R.D.H. and A.A. Agrawal. Interactive effects of genotype, environment and ontogeny on resistance of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) to the generalist herbivore, Spodoptera exigua. Journal of Chemical Ecology 30: 37-51 PDF

Van Zandt, P.A. and A.A. Agrawal. Specificity of induced plant responses to specialist herbivores of the common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca. Oikos 104: 401-409 PDF

Irwin, R.E., L.S. Adler and A.A. Agrawal. (editors). Special Feature: Community and Evolutionary ecology of nectar. Ecology 85:1477-1533. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. (editor) Forum: The metabolic theory of ecology. Ecology 85:1771-1821 PDF

Mopper, S. and A.A. Agrawal. (editors). Special Feature: Phytohormonal ecology. Ecology 85:3-77 PDF


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Johnson, M.T.J. and A.A. Agrawal. The ecological play of predator-prey dynamics in an Evolutionary theatre. Trends in Ecology & Evolution 18:549-551. PDF

Rotem, K. and A.A. Agrawal. Density dependent population growth of the two-spotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae, on the host plant Leonurus cardiaca. Oikos 103-559-565. PDF

Dicke, M., A.A. Agrawal, and J. Bruin. Plants talk, but are they deaf? Trends in Plant Science 8:403-405. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and P.M. Kotanen. Herbivores and the success of exotic plants: A phylogenetically controlled experiment. Ecology Letters 6:712-715. PDF

Spiller, D. A. and Agrawal, A. A. Intense disturbance enhances plant susceptibility to herbivory: Natural and experimental evidence. Ecology 84:890-897. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and L. S. Adler.  2003. Plant-animal interactions for the classroom (review of Herrera and Pellmyr, Plant-animal interactions).  Ecology 84:807-808. PDF

A.A. Agrawal and N. S. Kurashige. A role for isothiocyanates in plant resistance against the specialist herbivore Pieris rapae. Journal of Chemical Ecology 29:1403-1415. PDF

Rotem, K., A.A. Agrawal, and L. Kott. Parental effects in Pieris rapae in response to variation in food quality: Adaptive plasticity across generations? Ecological Entomology 28:211–218. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and J.S. Thaler. Solving the two-body problem. Science Magazine’s Next Wave

Agrawal, A. A. and P.A. Van Zandt. Ecological play in the coEvolutionary theatre: genetic and environmental determinants of attack by a specialist weevil on milkweed. Journal of Ecology 91:1049–1059 PDF

Agrawal, A.A. (editor). Special Feature: Community Genetics. Ecology 84:543-601. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. (editor). Special Feature: Selection studies in ecology: Concepts, methods, and directions. Ecology 84:1649-1712. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. (editor). Special Feature: Underground processes in plant communities. Ecology 84:2256-2334. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. (editor). Special Feature: Why omnivory. Ecology 84: 2521-2567. PDF


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Agrawal, A.A. Maternal effects associated with herbivory: Mechanisms and consequences of transgenerational induced plant resistance. Ecology 83:3408-3415. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., J. K. Conner, M. T. Johnson, and R. Wallsgrove. Ecological genetics of induced plant defense against herbivores: Additive genetic variation and costs of phenotypic plasticity. Evolution 56:2206-2213. PDF

Karban, R. and A.A. Agrawal. Herbivore offense. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics 33:641-664. PDF

Gardner, S.N. and A.A. Agrawal. Induced plant defense and the Evolution of counter-defenses in herbivores. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4:1131-1151. PDF

Agrawal, A.A. and Malcolm, S. Once upon a milkweed. Natural History 111(7): 48-53. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., F. Vala, and M. W. Sabelis. Induction of preference and performance after acclimation to novel hosts in a phytophagous spider mite: adaptive plasticity? American Naturalist 159:553-565. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., A. Janssen, J. Bruin, M. A. Posthumus, and M. W. Sabelis. An ecological cost of plant defense: Attractiveness of bitter cucumber plants to natural enemies of herbivores. Ecology Letters 5:377-385. PDF

Agrawal, A. A.  2002. Commentary: Optimal foraging and phenotypic plasticity in plants.  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 17:305. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and P. A. Van Zandt. 2002. Commentary: The community ecology of live long and prosper.  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 17:62. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., Kosola, K. R, and D. Parry. Gypsy moth defoliation and N-fertilization affect hybrid poplar regeneration following coppicing. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 32:1491-1495. PDF


Fordyce, J. A. and A. A. Agrawal. The role of plant trichomes and caterpillar group size on growth and defence of the pipevine swallowtail, Battus philenor. Journal of Animal Ecology 70:997-1005. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Phenotypic plasticity in the interactions and Evolution of species. Science 294:321-326. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Transgenerational consequences of plant responses to herbivory: An adaptive maternal effect? American Naturalist 157:555-569. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and M. E. Dorken. 2001. Commentary: Law of the unspecialized:  Broken?  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 16:426. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. 2001. Commentary: Nectar, nodules and cheaters.  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 16:23-24. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and M. F. Sherriffs. Induced plant resistance and susceptibility to late-season herbivores of wild radish. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 94:71-75. PDF


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Agrawal, A. A. and R. G. Colfer. Consequences of thrips-infested plants for attraction of conspecifics and parasitoids. Ecological Entomology 25:493-496. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and J. A. Fordyce. Induced indirect defense in a lycaenid-ant association: The regulation of a resource in a mutualism. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B. PDF | Commentary in Science magazine

Agrawal, A. A. Benefits and costs of induced plant defense for Lepidium virginicum (Brassicaceae). Ecology 81:1804-1813. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Mechanisms, ecological consequences and agricultural implications of tri-trophic interactions. Current Opinion in Plant Biology 3:329-335. PDF

Agrawal, A. 2000. Commentary: Plant defense:  Signals in insect eggs.  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 15:357. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Overcompensation of plants in response to herbivory and the by-product benefits of mutualism. Trends in Plant Science 5:309-313. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and C. N. Klein. What omnivores eat: Direct effects of induced plant resistance on herbivores and indirect consequences for diet selection by omnivores. Journal of Animal Ecology 69:525-535. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. 2000. Commentary: Communication between plants:  This time it’s real.  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 15:446. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. 2000. Chemical ecology for the next generation (review of Haynes and Millar, Methods in Chemical Ecology: Bioassays). Ecology 81:881. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., R. Karban, and R. Colfer. How leaf domatia and induced plant resistance affect herbivores, natural enemies and plant performance. Oikos 89:70-80. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and R. Karban. Specificity of constitutive and induced resistance: Pigment glands influence mites and caterpillars on cotton plants. Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata 96:39-49. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Specificity of induced resistance in wild radish: Causes and consequences for two specialist and two generalist caterpillars. Oikos 89:493-500. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Host range Evolution: Adaptation of mites and trade-offs in fitness on alternate hosts. Ecology 81:500-508. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., J. A. Rudgers, L. W. Botsford, D. Cutler, J. B. Gorin, C. J. Lundquist, B. W. Spitzer, A. L. Swann. Benefits and constraints on plant defense against herbivores: Spines influence the legitimate and illegitimate flower visitors of yellow star thistle, Centaurea solstitialis L. (Asteraceae). Southwestern Naturalist 45:1-5. PDF


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Agrawal, A. A., C. Laforsch, and R. Tollrian. Transgenerational induction of defenses in animals and plants. Nature 401:60-63. PDF | News & Views (PDF) | Daphnia pictures (PDF)

Agrawal, A. A., P. M. Gorski, and D. W. Tallamy. Polymorphism in plant defense against herbivory: Constitutive and induced resistance is Cucumis sativus. Journal of Chemical Ecology 25:2285-2304 . PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Induced plant defense: Evolution of induction and adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Pages 251-268 in A. A. Agrawal, S. Tuzun, and E. Bent, editors. Inducible plant defenses against pathogens and herbivores: Biochemistry, ecology, and agriculture . American Phytopathological Society Press. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., S. Y. Strauss, and M. J. Stout. Costs of induced responses and tolerance to herbivory in male and female fitness components of wild radish. Evolution 53:1093-1104. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., S. Tuzun, and E. Bent (editors). Inducible plant defenses against pathogens and herbivores: Biochemistry, Ecology, and Agriculture. American Phytopathological Society Press. to purchase this book

Karban, R., A. A. Agrawal, J. S. Thaler, and L. S. Adler. Induced plant responses and information content about risk of herbivory. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14:443-447 PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Induced responses to herbivory in wild radish: Effects on several herbivores and plant fitness. Ecology 80: 1713-1723. PDF

Gardner, S. N., A. A. Agrawal, J. Gressel, and M. Mangel. Strategies to Delay the Evolution of Resistance in Pests: Dose Rotations and Induced Plant Defenses. Pages 189-196 in Aspects of Applied Biology 53 (Challenges in Applied Population Biology). PDF

Strauss, S. Y. and A. A. Agrawal. Ecology and Evolution of plant tolerance to herbivory. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 14:179-185. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and B. J. Dubin-Thaler. Induced responses to herbivory in the neotropical ant-plant association between Azteca ants and Cecropia trees: Response of ants to potential inducing cues. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 45: 47-54. PDF

Agrawal, A. A., C. Kobayashi, and J. S. Thaler. Influence of prey availability and induced host plant resistance on omnivory by western flower thrips. Ecology 80:518-523. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and R. Karban. Why induced defenses may be favored over constitutive strategies in plants. Pages 45-61 in R. Tollrian and C. D. Harvell, editors. The Ecology and Evolution of Inducible Defenses . Princeton University Press, Princeton. PDF


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Agrawal, A. A. Induced responses to herbivory and increased plant performance. Science 279: 1201-1202. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Leaf damage and associated cues induce aggressive ant recruitment in a neotropical ant plant. Ecology 79: 2100-2112. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. and M. T. Rutter. Dynamic anti-herbivore defense in ant-plants: The role of induced responses. Oikos 83: 227-236. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Algal defense, grazers, and their interactions in aquatic trophic cascades. Acta Oecologica 19: 331-337. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Effects of leaf domatia and induced plant resistance on omnivores in cotton. Pages 127-130 in Hoddle, M. S. (editor). Innovation in Biological Control Research : Proceedings of the California Conference on Biological Control. Berkeley, CA.


Agrawal, A. A. and R. Karban. Domatia mediate plant-arthropod mutualism. Nature 387:562-563. PDF

Karban, R., A. A. Agrawal, and M. Mangel. The benefits of induced defenses against herbivores. Ecology 78:1351-1355. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Do leaf domatia mediate a plant – mite mutualism? An experimental test of the effects on herbivores and predators. Ecological Entomology 22: 371-376. PDF


Agrawal, A. A. Reforestation in Ecuador’s dry forest. Desert Plants 12: 12-14. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Evolution will not evolve us. Global Biodiversity 6: 21-23. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Natural history, seed predation, and germination of Prosopis juliflora relevant to a reforestation project in Southwestern Ecuador. Tropical Ecology 37:193-201. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. Seed germination of Loxopterygium guasango, a threatened tree of coastal Northwestern South America. Tropical Ecology 37:273-276. PDF


Agrawal, A. and S. L. Stephenson. Recent successional changes in a former chestnut-dominated forest in southwestern Virginia. Castanea 60: 107-113. PDF

Agrawal, A. A. 1995. Biodiversity and sociobiology (review of E. O. Wilson, Naturalist).  Trends in Ecology & Evolution 10:218-219. PDF

Agrawal, A. Use of dendrochronological methods to estimate an ecological impact date of the chestnut blight. Virginia Journal of Science 46: 41-47. PDF